Commonly known as a Scissor by Junkelmann. The name Scissor comes from a list
of gladiators of the Lanista C. Salvius Capito in the 1st century BC. No other mention of this type is ever mention
which suggests that this type of gladiator disappeared or was renamed. Arbelas comes from a book written in the 2nd
century AD (Artemidorus' Oneirocritica). We believe the name Arbelas come from the crescent shaped knife that
it carried in his left hand that shoemakers used to cut leather. From the
six known images that survive of this type they are only know to fight against Retiarii and against each other.
The equipment of the Arbelas is a smooth helmet that can have a metal front
to back crest or no crest at all. The helmet only has two small eye holes and not a metal grate like most gladiator
helmets. He carried a dagger in his right hand and the arbelas blade attached to a metal vambrace, vambrace going to
the elbow, in his left hand. He for scale or mail armour ending just above the knee. He had two short greaves,
standard greaves covering the knee, and had a quilted or laminar armguard on his right arm.
The Hoplomachus gets its name from the Greek soldier Hoplite. The
helmet of the Hoplomachus is very similiar to the Thraex. It has a broad-brimmed, a metal crest with a horse hair or
feather crest, two feathers on either side of the crest, grated metal visor. The Hoplomachus was equiped with a small
round shield similiar to the Greek Hoplite shield the main difference being smaller and completely metal and not layers of
wood, metal, and leather. Now the shield was carried differently than most Roman shields, instead of having a bar hand
grip in the back it had to leather straps the arm could pass through. This was a good advance to the Hoplomachus because
he could hold his secondary weapon that was a dagger. The Hoplomachus also carried
a long spear about the height of the gladiator himself.
He only wore a loincloth and a belt. As part of his protection he wore quilted
leg coverings that extended up hip. Also part of his protection and because of his small shield he wore two high greaves
extending to about mid thigh.